Diabetes develops when your body doesn’t produce enough insulin or if your body is unable to use the insulin that is produced. The body’s cells become starved of glucose and at the same time the glucose level in your blood increases .
Type 1 diabetes
- People with type 1 diabetes do not produce any insulin.
- Type 1 diabetes is less common and it usually develops in children and young adults.
- Type1 always requires treatment with insulin.
Type 2 diabetes
- People with type 2 diabetes do not produce enough insulin – or the body is unable to properly use the insulin that is being produced.
- Type 2 diabetes is more common and it tends to develop gradually after the age of 40.
- Type 2 may be treated with diet and exercise or may require antidiabetic medication and/or insulin injections.
- eating healthily – reducing your intake of saturated fats, simple carbohydrates (white bread and white flour), sugar and salt
- increasing fibre and omega 3 and 6 intake
- reducing your weight
- increasing physical activity
- stopping smoking
- reducing alcohol intake
Speak with you Haven pharmacist for advice on how to lower your risk of developing diabetes.
- increased thirst
- passing more urine than usual – particularly at night
- extreme tiredness
- unexplained weight loss
- blurred vision
- genital itching or regular episodes of thrush
- slow healing of wounds
- numbness/ tingling/pain in hands or feet.
Symptoms are usually relieved quickly once the diabetes is treated and under control.
- if you are over the age of 40
- if you have a parent or sibling with diabetes
- if you had diabetes during pregnancy
- if you are overweight for your height
- if you do not take 30 minutes of
- physical activity daily
- if you have high blood pressure
- if you have high cholesterol
The more symptoms or risk factors that you have the more likely you are to have diabetes or pre-diabetes
- Diabetes increases the risk of high blood pressure, coronary heart disease and strokes
- Diabetes can affect the blood vessels in the eye, leading to problems with your eyesight
- Diabetes can cause damage to the small blood vessels in the kidneys.
- Diabetes may cause problems with your circulation which can lead to ulcers on your feet.
- Diabetes can cause damage to the nerves which can lead to loss of sensation, pain, numbness or tingling in the extremities.
Having a knowledge of your glucose levels can lead to better health control and help you to prevent health problems before they develop.
Blood sugar levels measure the amount of glucose in your blood. Usually this amount is expressed as millimoles per litre (mmol/l) and in people without diabetes stays stable around 4-8 mmol/l. Spikes usually occur after meals.
A normal fasting level should be 4-7 mmol/l.
A normal non-fasting level should be below 9 mmol/l when tested 2 hours after a meal.