5 Signs of Acne and How to Treat it

Acne Vulgaris is a common skin disease that develop in the pores around hair follicles and oil producing glands. If mainly occurs in adolescence, affecting approximately 80% of teenagers but can also affect people in their 20’s and 30’s.

What Causes Acne?

Acne results from blockages in the hair follicles caused by too much sebum (oil) being produced in the sebaceous glands, usually triggered by hormonal changes. Stress may increase the severity of an attack but there does not appear to be a definitive link between high sugar foods such as chocolate and the appearance of acne. Due to the hormonal changes, acne may be more evident around the time just before a woman’s period.

5 Signs of Acne

  1. Seborrhoea (Increased oil-sebum production)
  2. Pimples
  3. Blackheads
  4. Whiteheads
  5. Pustules and Possible Scarring

How to Treat Acne

The right treatment can reduce the risk of damage to the skin or scarring. Here are some of the treatments that you can use:

  • Medicated washes used twice daily can help to control excessive oil build up as well as killing the bacteria
  • Local treatments including Benzoyl Peroxide can help decrease excessive oiliness by clearing excess skin and reduce the presence of bacteria
  • Antibiotic treatments prescribed by your doctor include both oral medicines and topical preparations

Your Haven pharmacist can advise you on the medication you have been prescribed in terms of optimal usage of the medication and precautions to be aware of.

How to Prevent Acne

  • Cleanse skin morning and night with a mild cleanser (natural ingredients advisable)
  • Use water based moisturisers
  • Keep make up off the face
  • Keep hair clean and off the face
  • Eat healthily, exercise regularly and drink plenty of water
  • Aim to reduce stress
  • Wash hands frequently and try not to touch the face
  • Wear loose clothing if acne is affecting the torso in order to avoid sweating
  • Don’t pick spots, this can lead to unnecessary scarring
  • Follow any prescribed medication for the full course

When Should You See a Doctor About Acne?

  • If acne is severe
  • If months of over-the-counter (non-prescription) treatments haven’t helped
  • If the acne appeared after starting a medication. Some medications can result in acne or similar symptoms
  • If spots are becoming larger and more severe
  • If your acne is affecting your self-esteem

Contact your local Haven Pharmacist for more information about acne