Benefits of walking and how to stay motivated

Did you start off 2019 with new goals and objectives for the year ahead? Perhaps one of them is to get fit & healthy or lose weight and one of the best ways we can do any of these is to go Walking!

We all know walking is good for us but it’s actually more important than we realise! Click on the infographic below to see the 20 benefits of walking:

Being physically active is probably the single most important thing that we can do for maintaining or improving our physical and mental health and wellbeing. Physical activity which includes an active lifestyle and routine exercise, like walking, plus eating sensibly is the best way to stay healthy.

What is physical activity?
It can be formal exercise which tends to be planned, structured and repetitive, and which is designed to maintain or improve physical fitness. It can be sport which is an athletic activity requiring skill or physical prowess and is often of a competitive nature. Most importantly, it is a broad term which covers all different types of movement such as active play, walking, dance, gardening or housework. The National Guidelines on Physical Activity for Ireland were published by the Department of Health and the HSE in 2009:

Children and Young People (2-18)
All children and young people should be active, at a moderate to vigorous level, for at least 60 minutes every day. Include muscle-strengthening, flexibility and bone-strengthening exercises 3 times a week.

Adults (18-64)
At least 30 minutes a day of moderate activity on 5 days a week (or 150 minutes a week). You can count shorter bouts of activity towards the guidelines. These bouts should last for at least 10 minutes.

Older People (65+)
At least 30 minutes a day of moderate intensity activity on 5 days a week, or 150 minutes a week. Focus on aerobic activity, muscle-strengthening and balance.

Walking is the best form of exercise as it can be tailored to most fitness levels and health needs – and it’s absolutely FREE! No gym membership, no sign up fees – all you need is comfortable footwear, appropriate clothing for the weather and you are good to go!

Here are 10 tips to help you get started and stay on track:

1. Ask a friend to join you in your new exercise routine, you will motivate each other to get out there each day
2. Join a walking group like Operation Transformation – a great way to meet new people and interact with your local community
3. Go for a stroll after dinner each day instead of watching television – make this a habit like brushing your teeth or taking your vitamins
4. Give yourself an aim like walk to the shop to get milk or post a letter – it helps to have a reason to get to your destination
5. Change your route and explore different paths every day – that way it won’t seem so monotonous and you will gain more appreciation of your the surroundings on your doorstep
6. Leave the car at home and walk to public transport to get to work / shops – this is not only good for your health but you will also save money too!
7. Take the stairs instead of the lift or go the longer route instead of your normal routine – get those steps up each day
8. Aim to participate in a charity event like Darkness into Light on 11th May 2019 or other fundraisers in your community – build on your fitness so you are physically ready & looking forward to them
9. Keep track of your progress by using a calendar or a fitness tracker – you will soon see improvements in your timing and want to increase your steps
10. Remind yourself of the above 20 benefits – it’s not just a form of exercise but also a form of self care and mental well being

So come on everybody, dust off those trainers and lets get the nation Walking!!!

For more information on how to get started on your new fitness plan, call in to your local Haven Pharmacy for more advice!

Are you worried about Meningitis?

The HSE have advised the public to be vigilant regarding meningococcal meningitis/septicaemia as there has been a noted increase in meningococcal disease in the country in the last two weeks.

Meningitis is a serious illness involving inflammation of the membranes covering the brain and spinal cord. There are two types of meningitis; bacterial and viral. Parents are advised to check their children have been vaccinated against meningococcal disease as it poses a serious risk to children and adolescents.

A vaccine that protects against meningococcal C disease (MenC vaccine) is given at 6 months and at 13 months and meningococcal B vaccine (MenB vaccine) is given at 2, 4, and 12 months of age. In addition adolescents are routinely offered the MenC vaccine in the first year of secondary school. Older teenagers and young adults up to the age of 23 years who never received a MenC vaccine are recommended to get the vaccine. Other vaccines that protect against other forms of meningitis and septicaemia are included in the routine child vaccination programme (Hib vaccine and pneumococcal vaccine (PCV).

All children should get their vaccines in accordance with the national schedule. Children who have missed vaccines can obtain these vaccines from their GPs.

The illness occurs most frequently in young children and adolescents, usually as isolated cases. Bacterial meningitis or septicaemia requires urgent antibiotic treatment.

Signs and symptoms may include:
– Fever (sometimes with cold hands and feet)
– Joint or muscle pain
– Rapid breathing
– Severe Headaches
– Drowsiness
– Discomfort from bright light
– Neck stiffness
– Vomiting, stomach cramps and diarrhoea
– Non-blanching rash may appear which may be tiny red pin pricks that may develop to purple bruises. This rash does not fade under pressure.

The HSE advises that if anyone has any concerns or showing symptoms, they should contact their GP in the first instance but ensure that medical expertise is sought.

For more information see https://bit.ly/2QF9mje

 

Transform Your New Year with Haven Pharmacy!

Happy New Year Everyone!

January can be tough… Not only are we suffering the come down after the festive season and feeling the pinch, we are all generally trying to improve our health and well-being – which can sometimes feel like deprivation or punishment after all the indulgence. The good news is, it doesn’t have to feel this way. At your local Haven Pharmacy, you have access to expert advice on health, nutrition, smoking cessation and a range of topics for you and your little ones to get 2019 off to a great start!

 

Haven Health Check Service

This service includes cholesterol testing, blood glucose testing, Body Mass Index Measurement, Blood Pressure testing. We provide you with an easy-to-understand written record of your results that you can discuss with our pharmacist in confidence. We will tell you where you can get the right kind of help to improve your health and if there is anything you can do yourself to instantly start making a difference. (As this service uses very advanced technology we apply a small charge).

 

Free Blood Pressure Testing

High Blood Pressure puts extra strain on your arteries and your heart and this may lead to heart attacks and strokes. High Blood Pressure can also damage the eyes and kidneys if left untreated. In most cases, hypertension can be known as a ‘silent disease’ in that it may produce no symptoms even while it is damaging the body. This is why it is important to have your blood pressure checked periodically even if you feel fine. Managing high Blood Pressure is something we will be happy to help you with.

 

Weight Measurement and BMI

Talk to the experts in your local Haven Pharmacy about their weight measurement programmes and nutritional advice. Many of our pharmacies have programmes to regularly monitor your weight and BMI and all our staff will be able to provide you with expert advice on minor changes that can make a big difference to your health.

 

Smoking Cessation

Follow our 8 Step Guide to giving up smoking this year, put together by our experts. Our key message in relation to smoking cessation is to be kind to yourself, you can do it and never quit quitting!! This is one of the best things you can do for yourself this year. You will reduce your risk of cancers, heart problems and general health by kicking this habit.

 

Remember that decisions to improve your health are a great start to the new year. However, they are not limited to January. Set your goals, try to stick to them as best you can, but don’t give up if you feel like you’ve ‘failed’ –  you’re trying, therefore you are not failing! Everyone has difficult days, keep going and be good to yourself. At Haven, our priority is looking after you and your family.

Call into us today for some expert advice.

 

Never Give Up Giving Up! Smoking Cessation with Haven

Have you tried to give up smoking in the past? Have you managed to give up for long periods of time and then one little slip spiralled you back to your former full-time smoking self? Has the disappointment in returning to this bad habit put you off trying to quit again? DON’T LET IT! … NEVER QUIT QUITTING

According to recent studies, it can take between 6 and 142 times for some people to give up smoking (a successful quitter is measured on having not had a cigarette for 12 months).

 

Giving Up

There are a range of very effective over the counter remedies available from your Haven pharmacy to help stop smoking. Please speak to one of our trained advisers or ask your Haven pharmacist if you would like advice on which treatment is best suited to your needs. With our customers health in mind, we have put a plan in place for anyone that wants to quit.

 

Quit Smoking

 

  1. Decide to Quit

Write down all the reasons why you want to quit so you can refer to them in moments of weakness.

  1. Make a Date

Pick a date that you feel you will be relaxed and focused on quitting and then stick to it. Throw out all your cigarettes including any emergency supplies as quitting outright is more effective than cutting down gradually.

  1. Talk to Your Support Team

Friends and family can offer wonderful encouragement when trying to quit. Talk to your Haven Pharmacist for advice in our private consultation room or contact the National Smokers’ Quitline on 1850 201 203.

  1. Avoid Your Triggers and Temptations

Know your trigger situations and prepare in advance. Many of our customers find it difficult to avoid a cigarette when drinking alcohol. Try to remove this trigger in the first couple of weeks/months after quitting.

  1. Learn how to cope with cravings

Cravings can occur frequently in the first week of quitting. Remember cravings intensify over 3 to 5 minutes then subside.

Practice the Four D’s:

  • Delay acting on the urge to smoke – it will pass
  • Deep breathing, calm your nerves
  • Drink lots of water, it will decrease the need for snacking
  • Distract yourself, do something else to take your mind off it
  1. Make positive lifestyle choices

Increase your level of exercise as this helps improve mood and manages your weight. Many quitters experience a spike in appetite after giving up initially, this is your body and mind adjusting to a habit and it will level out. Avoid snacking on sweets, choose healthy snacks like fruit and nuts instead.

  1. Stay positive

In moments of weakness remember why you are quitting and believe in the strength of your will power. Look back at the list of reasons you put together when you decided to quit. This will shift your focus back to the long term goal.

  1. Reward yourself

Cigarettes are expensive! Get a money box, work out how much money you were spending each week on cigarettes and put it away. Buy yourself something as a treat instead!

 

The important thing is, be kind to yourself. Don’t see quitting as a punishment, see it as a liberation and a step on the road to a happy and healthier life.

For more information on starting your Stop Smoking Plan – contact your Local Haven Pharmacy who will help you with your plan and start you on the right Nicotine Replacement Therapy products such as Nicorette.

Good luck on your journey, you can do it!

 

 

Understanding Asthma

What is Asthma?
Asthma is a condition that causes coughing, wheezing, breathlessness, a tightness in the chest and a build up of sticky mucous in the airways. The severity of asthma symptoms varies. Another symptom of asthma is night time coughing with some sufferers also experiencing hoarseness.

Who is more likely to suffer from asthma?
Asthma usually starts in childhood. Children of mothers who smoke during pregnancy are more likely to develop asthma. The exact cause of asthma is not known although there is a strong genetic link. If your parents have asthma then you may be more likely to suffer. Many people who suffer from asthma also suffer from hay fever and asthma symptoms can get worse during the hay fever period.
Ireland has the fourth highest incidence of asthma in the world. There are around 470,000 people who suffer from asthma in Ireland and there are two asthma related deaths in Ireland every week.
Over 90% of asthma deaths are preventable

What can trigger asthma?
There are a number of factor that can trigger asthma and these include:
– Smoking and tobacco smoke
– Dust
– Pollens
– Animal hairs
– Chest infections
– Some drugs such as anti- inflammatories and beta blockers. Check with your local Haven Pharmacy
– Moulds and fungal allergens
– Food allergies

How can you help your asthma?
– Stop smoking
– Avoid being exposed to passive smoking
– Reduce weight if you are overweight
– Avoid asthma triggers
– Improve your overall fitness although it’s important to consult your local Haven Pharmacist or GP as exercise can sometimes be a trigger
– Make sure there are no damp areas in your house.
– Avoid certain medications, consult your local Haven pharmacist
– Make sure you are using your inhalers properly

What is the correct inhaler technique?
Around half the difficulties associated with asthma are caused by poor compliance with medication use and by poor inhaler use so you need to make sure you have the correct inhaler technique. This includes:
– Make sure you know the difference between the two types of inhalers: preventers and relievers
– Always rinse your mouth with water after you have used your inhaler as this helps prevent fungal infections
– When using an inhaler, do not obstruct the inhalation with your tongue or teeth
– Do not breathe out through the inhaler, this is a common error particularly for younger asthma sufferers
– Do not take your inhaler apart
– If you are using easi-breathe inhaler devices make sure you close them after each inhalation – and before you take a second inhalation
– Make sure the inhaler is not empty
– Improve your breathing exercises. Try the Buteyko breathing exercises

When should you see your doctor about asthma?
Some asthma symptoms are also common in other chest conditions so it’s important you see your doctor first for an accurate diagnosis if you suspect you have asthma or you have any of the symptoms of asthma. Your doctor may prescribe inhalers and/or other medication such as steroids. Make sure you consult your doctor if you find yourself using the reliever inhaler frequently. You may need to have your medication reviewed or it may be just a simple matter of checking your inhaler technique.

Find out more about asthma and improve your inhaler technique by talking to your local Haven Pharmacist.

Probiotics – a closer look at gut health

What is a Probiotic?
The word probiotic is a compound of two Greek words: “pro” to signify promotion of, and “biotic” – life. Probiotics are bacteria that line digestive tract and they are also known as friendly bacteria.

The difference between pathogenic bacteria or candida, and probiotics, is that the probiotic organisms have a symbiotic relationship with our bodies and both together they form a mutual defence treaty

  • The first and most overlooked reason that our digestive tract is critical to our health is because 80 percent of our entire immune system is located in the digestive tract!
  • In addition to the impact on our immune system, our digestive system is the second largest part of our neurological system.
  • It is called our enteric nervous system and is located in our gut. This is why it is called our second brain! 
  • Many people with health issues such as thyroid imbalances, chronic fatigue, joint pain, psoriasis, autism, and many other conditions do not realize that these illnesses originate in the gut.

The strongest evidence to date finds that probiotic benefits include: boosting immune system, prevent and treat urinary tract infections, improve digestive function, heal inflammatory bowel conditions like IBS, manage and prevent eczema in children, fight foodborne illnesses, treat colitis and Crohn’s disease, combat antibiotic-resistant bacteria, treat liver disease, battle cancer, manage autism, lower cholesterol and the list is endless!

What affects our gut flora?
➢ Prescription Antibiotics

➢ Sugar

➢ Chlorine (Tap Water!)

➢ GMO Foods (Genetically Modified)

➢ Grains

➢ Emotional Stress

➢ Chemicals and medications

In order to improve gut flora balance, make sure to avoid the probiotic killers. We are exposed to many of these foods, toxins and stressors on a daily basis, and if going to restore digestive health, they must be addressed. If they’re not addressed, gut micro-organisms become imbalanced and system can become a breeding ground for bad bacteria, yeast, viruses, fungi and parasites.

How Probiotics Work?

Gut contains both beneficial and harmful bacteria. Nutrition experts agree that the balance of gut flora should be approximately 85 percent good bacteria and 15 percent bad bacteria. When this ratio gets out of balance, the condition is known as dysbiosis, which means there is an imbalance of too much of a certain type of fungus, yeast or bacteria that is affecting the body in a negative way.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Bad bacteria can damage the intestines causing irritation and reduced nutritional absorption

 

Consuming certain types of probiotic foods and supplements can help bring these rations back into balance.

 

By Agne Kazlauskiene

HSE Launch Winter Plan 2018/2019

The HSE has published the highly anticipated Winter Plan 2018/19. The €30 million plan seeks primarily to support older people and their transition from the acute setting, and to support acute and community operations.

More than 60% of people aged over 50 in Ireland are living with a chronic health condition leaving them more vulnerable to infection. Therefore, it is vital that these people receive the flu and pneumonia vaccines, the HSE has said.

Speaking at the launch of the HSE’s Winter Plan 2018/2019 Dr Vida Hamilton, HSE National Clinical Advisor Acute Hospitals, said; “More than 60 per cent of people over 50 are living with a chronic condition such as asthma, COPD, diabetes and heart failure. They, along patients living with cancer and immunosuppression, are more vulnerable to infection and need to protect themselves with vaccination against flu and pneumonia. We know that 20 per cent of winter admissions are due to chest infections and prevention is always better than cure. Handwashing is vitally important as viruses can live for days on surfaces and our hands then bring the bugs to our faces, which can lead to winter vomiting or flu. Every time you wash your hands you protect yourself.”

The plan focuses on: Preparedness of the entire health system to deal with winter pressures from 1 December 2018 to 31 March 2019 including: Increased number of patient attendances at emergency departments, increased number of patients requiring hospital admission, infection outbreaks in health service and wider community, heightened requirements for isolation due to infection prevention and control requirements, high hospital bed occupancy rates (currently 95-100 per cent) and increased numbers of patients in acute hospitals whose discharge is delayed.

Key Sites of Concern
9 sites, on the basis of trolley performance in recent winters, together with performance year to date, have been identified as key sites of concern for Winter 2018 / 2019:
1. Mater University Hospital
2. St. Vincent’s University Hospital
3. Tallaght University Hospital
4. Naas General Hospital
5. Midland Regional Hospital Tullamore
6. Galway University Hospital
7. University of Limerick Hospital
8. Cork University Hospital
9. University Hospital Waterford

Stay well this Winter – have your own Winter Plan!

Did you get the Flu Vaccine?
If you haven’t already done so, get the flu vaccine- ask your local Haven Pharmacy for advice. Prevention is better than cure!

Do you wash your hands properly?
Wash your hands regularly to avoid catching and spreading infection. Ask our local Haven Pharmacist about anti-bacterial gels, hand sanitizer and wipes to ensure your hands are bacteria free even when you are on the go

Are you taking your medicines correctly?
Check with your local Haven Pharmacist to ensure you have enough for the holiday period, don’t be caught short. Check when your local Haven Pharmacy re-opens again after Christmas so you can plan your next prescription.

Are you using your devices correctly?
Use your devices correctly for monitoring and treatment. Ask your local Haven Pharmacist to check your technique whether it is an inhaler or blood pressure monitor – it is a good idea to check that you are using the device correctly.

The HSE have put together some information to help you stay well this winter and along with useful advice if you are feeling under the weather – click here for more information

Self Care – Taking charge of your health

An exciting societal shift is taking place in relation to how we look after our health and well-being. Increasingly, we have people coming into our pharmacies to seek advice about minor ailments and treatment options from our healthcare experts. This year saw the launch of the #SelfCare initiative organised by the Irish Pharmacy Union (IPU) and the Irish Pharmaceutical Healthcare Association (IPHA). The event was held in light of new research that demonstrates consumers are increasingly willing to take charge of their health, leading to a more effective and efficient healthcare system. This initiative sets out a range of proposals for a more focused approach to self care which could lead to better patient outcomes and considerable savings for the State as turning to pharmacists for medical advice could help to reduce waiting lists at GPs and hospitals.

Research demonstrated by yesterday’s publication, which is based on research from Behaviour & Attitudes, illustrates that there is a clear desire from the majority of Irish people (92%) to be involved in their own self care. Furthermore, the IPU recognises that the role of community pharmacists is pivotal to the successful development of self care and its more widespread adoption.

  “Embracing a philosophy of self care can lead to real, measurable savings in healthcare expenses and better outcomes for patients. Pharmacists can play a critical, expanded role in this area, utilising our accessibility and professional capabilities to benefit patients in partnership with our healthcare colleagues and the pharmaceutical industry.”

-Daragh Connolly, Haven Pharmacist and President of the Irish Pharmacy Union

  

-Source: PSI Public Survey – Attitudes to Pharmacy in Ireland

“As well as the obvious benefits for individuals in taking a greater role in maintaining healthy lives, adoption of self-care principles could also help the State manage the financial challenges of an ageing population and strained healthcare budgets. The Government is clearly committed to encouraging people to take more control of their own health, as set out in the Healthy Ireland strategy. Our industry is committed to working with healthcare professionals, especially pharmacists who are often the first port of call for health information and advice, to support consumers to identify the most appropriate channel within the healthcare system.”

-Dave Barrett, Chairman of IPHA Consumer Healthcare Division

Where to Start

The healthy Ireland strategy is a major Government-led programme which aims to encourage and support everyone living in Ireland to have the best possible physical and mental health and wellbeing. The information will be a good foundation for people looking to self care. Furthermore, discussing your health with your local pharmacist, and building trust with them to offer expert advice for you and your loved ones, will put you on the right track to making self care a common aspect of your life.

Ask Your Pharmacist First

The purpose of this information and indeed this initiative, is to emphasise the changing nature of your local pharmacy. With continued hard work, pharmacies hope to be able to expand on their provision of treatments for minor ailments within local Irish communities. Self care is a preventative method of looking after your health – while you have it, so that you can avoid illness/disease later in life. Expert advice is available in all Haven Pharmacies across Ireland. Our pharmacists will take the time to listen and offer advice on how you and your family can self care.

 For further information:

Call into your local Haven Pharmacy to discuss self care and the role of the pharmacist for you and your family. Our pharmacists will provide great-quality, trustworthy information so patients can seek care at the appropriate level and enhance their independence within the healthcare system.

A full copy of Self Care – taking charge of your health can be downloaded from www.ipu.ie and www.ipha.ie.

For further information contact:

Jim Curran, Director of Communications & Strategy, IPU, on 01 493 6401/086 264 0469

OR

Philip Hannon, Communications & Public Affairs Manager, IPHA, on 01 663 0933/087 287 0891

Case Study: Swedish ‘Flu’ Map

The meeting heard about a unique Swedish IT-based self-care initiative that reaches 70% of the Sweedish population, which builds a ‘flu’ map and encourages patients to visit pharmacies for prevention and treatment. Jonas Vikman of LIF, the Swedish pharmaceutical trade association, on a unique predictive health campaign they ran with the retail pharmacy association in Sweden. Treat yourself with advice from your pharmacist analysed real-time data to track where people were accessing online information on colds and flu. From this, they built a ‘flu’ map of Sweden, which was constantly updated and was used to target online advertising on the benefits of visiting a pharmacy. It is estimated that the campaign reached 70% of the Swedish population. It also promoted a valuable public health issue by conveying the message that antibiotics were ineffective in tacking colds and flu.

5 Signs of Acne and How to Treat it

Acne Vulgaris is a common skin disease that develop in the pores around hair follicles and oil producing glands. If mainly occurs in adolescence, affecting approximately 80% of teenagers but can also affect people in their 20’s and 30’s.

What Causes Acne?

Acne results from blockages in the hair follicles caused by too much sebum (oil) being produced in the sebaceous glands, usually triggered by hormonal changes. Stress may increase the severity of an attack but there does not appear to be a definitive link between high sugar foods such as chocolate and the appearance of acne. Due to the hormonal changes, acne may be more evident around the time just before a woman’s period.

5 Signs of Acne

  1. Seborrhoea (Increased oil-sebum production)
  2. Pimples
  3. Blackheads
  4. Whiteheads
  5. Pustules and Possible Scarring

How to Treat Acne

The right treatment can reduce the risk of damage to the skin or scarring. Here are some of the treatments that you can use:

  • Medicated washes used twice daily can help to control excessive oil build up as well as killing the bacteria
  • Local treatments including Benzoyl Peroxide can help decrease excessive oiliness by clearing excess skin and reduce the presence of bacteria
  • Antibiotic treatments prescribed by your doctor include both oral medicines and topical preparations

Your Haven pharmacist can advise you on the medication you have been prescribed in terms of optimal usage of the medication and precautions to be aware of.

How to Prevent Acne

  • Cleanse skin morning and night with a mild cleanser (natural ingredients advisable)
  • Use water based moisturisers
  • Keep make up off the face
  • Keep hair clean and off the face
  • Eat healthily, exercise regularly and drink plenty of water
  • Aim to reduce stress
  • Wash hands frequently and try not to touch the face
  • Wear loose clothing if acne is affecting the torso in order to avoid sweating
  • Don’t pick spots, this can lead to unnecessary scarring
  • Follow any prescribed medication for the full course

When Should You See a Doctor About Acne?

  • If acne is severe
  • If months of over-the-counter (non-prescription) treatments haven’t helped
  • If the acne appeared after starting a medication. Some medications can result in acne or similar symptoms
  • If spots are becoming larger and more severe
  • If your acne is affecting your self-esteem

Contact your local Haven Pharmacist for more information about acne

Childhood Illnesses – Knowing the symptoms and when to see a doctor

It’s easy to forget that children are not little adults. Children have not yet developed their body’s natural defences and therefore are far more prone to infections from bacteria and viruses than adults. As a result, children often get sick. Most of the time there is no need to worry, however a child that is unwell must be watched carefully as they can get worse very quickly.

As a parent, it is important to be diligent and understand the warning signs because unlike adult’s, children don’t understand they are poorly. Our Haven pharmacists have put together some useful information about how to recognise when your child is sick and when to see a doctor. Remember, Haven pharmacies are looking after families across Ireland on a daily basis. At Haven, we pride ourselves on the trust and care we invest in the people in our local communities and are here to listen and assist if you ever have any concerns about your family members.

What are the Symptoms of a Sick Child?

Healthy children are usually active and alert whilst a sick child will be more withdrawn than normal. They can be cranky, sleepy, and more in demand of your attention and affection than normal. They often lose their appetite.

General Symptoms

  • General symptoms of a sick child are fever, pain, vomiting and diarrhoea, cough, headache and rash. For specific symptoms of common illness in children have a look at our easy reference table below.

Raised Temperature

  • When a child is running a fever, they will have a raised temperature (above 37°C). This is an indication your child is fighting an infection, either viral or bacterial. Monitor any changes by taking a regular temperature reading with the thermometer.

Pain

  • Children’s pain can be from sore ears, teething, headache or injury. Sore throats, runny noses, coughs and headache may also cause distress so it can be helpful to talk to your local Haven Pharmacist about your child’s symptoms.

Vomiting and Diarrhoea

  • Vomiting and diarrhoea are more serious for a child than an adult because they are at higher risk of dehydration due to losing fluids from their bodies. A Haven Pharmacist can help you treat and manage these symptoms or advise referral if necessary.

When Should You See a Doctor About Your Sick Child?

  • If your child still has pain or a fever (39°C or more) after 24 hours
  • Regular vomiting for over 24 hours
  • Vomiting and diarrhoea together
  • More than two very loose, smelly bowel motions in a day
  • Refuses two or more regular daily meals/feeds
  • Rubbing or tugging ear, crying or grizzling, or has runny discharge coming from the ear
  • Ongoing cough or wheeze, breathing more quickly than normal or grunting
  • Difficulty waking the child
  • Seizure or fit
  • Unusually floppy or pale
  • Develops a rash or stiff neck

Common Illnesses in Children That Require a Doctor